kafka源码分析三 Producer

Producer

Producer是生产者的接口定义
常用的方法有

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public Future<RecordMetadata> send(ProducerRecord<K, V> record);
public Future<RecordMetadata> send(ProducerRecord<K, V> record, Callback callback);
public void flush();
public void close();

KafkaProducer是异步的,调用send方法后,kafka并没有立即发送给broker,而是先放在buffer缓冲池中就立即返回,后台的IO线程来负责把消息记录转换成请求发送给kafka集群。

buffer大小通过batch.size配置置顶,producer维护每个partition的没有发送记录的buffer。
默认情况下不满的buffer也是可以发送的,可以通过linger.ms来设置等待时间减少请求数量,跟TCP中的Nagle算法是一个道理。
producer的总的buffer大小可以通过buffer.memory控制,如果生产太快来不及发送超过了这个值则会block住,block的最大时间通过max.block.ms,超时后会抛出TimeoutException
key.serializevalue.serializer控制如何把Java对象转换成byte数组传输给kafka集群。
acks控制producer什么时候认为写成功了,数量是需要leader获得的ack的数量。acks=0时producer把消息记录放到socket buffer中就认为成功了;acks=1时,需要leader成功写到本地就返回,但是不需要等待follower的ack。acks=all是,需要所有的in-sync replica都返回ack才认为是发送成功,这样只要有一个in-sync replica存活消息就没有丢。

Partitioner负责决定将哪一个消息写入到哪一个partition, 有一些场景希望特定的key发送到特定的partition时可以指定自己实现的Paritioner。
默认的Partitioner是随机负载均衡的。

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public int partition(String topic, Object key, byte[] keyBytes, Object value, byte[] valueBytes, Cluster cluster) {
List<PartitionInfo> partitions = cluster.partitionsForTopic(topic);
int numPartitions = partitions.size();
if (keyBytes == null) {
int nextValue = nextValue(topic);
List<PartitionInfo> availablePartitions = cluster.availablePartitionsForTopic(topic);
if (!availablePartitions.isEmpty()) {
int part = Utils.toPositive(nextValue) % availablePartitions.size();
return availablePartitions.get(part).partition();
} else {
// no partitions are available, give a non-available partition
return Utils.toPositive(nextValue) % numPartitions;
}
} else {
// hash the keyBytes to choose a partition
return Utils.toPositive(Utils.murmur2(keyBytes)) % numPartitions;
}
}
private int nextValue(String topic) {
AtomicInteger counter = topicCounterMap.get(topic);
if (null == counter) {
counter = new AtomicInteger(ThreadLocalRandom.current().nextInt());
AtomicInteger currentCounter = topicCounterMap.putIfAbsent(topic, counter);
if (currentCounter != null) {
counter = currentCounter;
}
}
return counter.getAndIncrement();
}

ProducerRecord

ProducerRecord包含了发送给Broker需要的内容

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class ProducerRecord<K, V> {
private final String topic;
private final Integer partition;
private final Headers headers;
private final K key;
private final V value;
private final Long timestamp;
}

KafkaProducer构建过程

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// 创建partitioner
this.partitioner = config.getConfiguredInstance(ProducerConfig.PARTITIONER_CLASS_CONFIG, Partitioner.class);
long retryBackoffMs = config.getLong(ProducerConfig.RETRY_BACKOFF_MS_CONFIG);
// 配置序列化
if (keySerializer == null) {
this.keySerializer = ensureExtended(config.getConfiguredInstance(ProducerConfig.KEY_SERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG,
Serializer.class));
this.keySerializer.configure(config.originals(), true);
} else {
config.ignore(ProducerConfig.KEY_SERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG);
this.keySerializer = ensureExtended(keySerializer);
}
if (valueSerializer == null) {
this.valueSerializer = ensureExtended(config.getConfiguredInstance(ProducerConfig.VALUE_SERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG,
Serializer.class));
this.valueSerializer.configure(config.originals(), false);
} else {
config.ignore(ProducerConfig.VALUE_SERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG);
this.valueSerializer = ensureExtended(valueSerializer);
}
// load interceptors and make sure they get clientId
userProvidedConfigs.put(ProducerConfig.CLIENT_ID_CONFIG, clientId);
List<ProducerInterceptor<K, V>> interceptorList = (List) (new ProducerConfig(userProvidedConfigs, false)).getConfiguredInstances(ProducerConfig.INTERCEPTOR_CLASSES_CONFIG,
ProducerInterceptor.class);
this.interceptors = interceptorList.isEmpty() ? null : new ProducerInterceptors<>(interceptorList);
ClusterResourceListeners clusterResourceListeners = configureClusterResourceListeners(keySerializer, valueSerializer, interceptorList, reporters);
this.metadata = new Metadata(retryBackoffMs, config.getLong(ProducerConfig.METADATA_MAX_AGE_CONFIG),
true, true, clusterResourceListeners);
this.maxRequestSize = config.getInt(ProducerConfig.MAX_REQUEST_SIZE_CONFIG);
this.totalMemorySize = config.getLong(ProducerConfig.BUFFER_MEMORY_CONFIG);
this.compressionType = CompressionType.forName(config.getString(ProducerConfig.COMPRESSION_TYPE_CONFIG));
this.maxBlockTimeMs = config.getLong(ProducerConfig.MAX_BLOCK_MS_CONFIG);
this.requestTimeoutMs = config.getInt(ProducerConfig.REQUEST_TIMEOUT_MS_CONFIG);
this.transactionManager = configureTransactionState(config);
int retries = configureRetries(config, transactionManager != null);
int maxInflightRequests = configureInflightRequests(config, transactionManager != null);
short acks = configureAcks(config, transactionManager != null);
this.apiVersions = new ApiVersions();
// RecordAccumulator中实现了累加和等待的逻辑
this.accumulator = new RecordAccumulator(config.getInt(ProducerConfig.BATCH_SIZE_CONFIG),
this.totalMemorySize,
this.compressionType,
config.getLong(ProducerConfig.LINGER_MS_CONFIG),
retryBackoffMs,
metrics,
time,
apiVersions,
transactionManager);
List<InetSocketAddress> addresses = ClientUtils.parseAndValidateAddresses(config.getList(ProducerConfig.BOOTSTRAP_SERVERS_CONFIG));
this.metadata.update(Cluster.bootstrap(addresses), Collections.<String>emptySet(), time.milliseconds());
ChannelBuilder channelBuilder = ClientUtils.createChannelBuilder(config);
Sensor throttleTimeSensor = Sender.throttleTimeSensor(metrics);
// 高层的网络处理,封装了send、poll等接口
NetworkClient client = new NetworkClient(
new Selector(config.getLong(ProducerConfig.CONNECTIONS_MAX_IDLE_MS_CONFIG),
this.metrics, time, "producer", channelBuilder),
this.metadata,
clientId,
maxInflightRequests,
config.getLong(ProducerConfig.RECONNECT_BACKOFF_MS_CONFIG),
config.getLong(ProducerConfig.RECONNECT_BACKOFF_MAX_MS_CONFIG),
config.getInt(ProducerConfig.SEND_BUFFER_CONFIG),
config.getInt(ProducerConfig.RECEIVE_BUFFER_CONFIG),
this.requestTimeoutMs,
time,
true,
apiVersions,
throttleTimeSensor);
// 负责实际发送请求给kafka集群的后台线程
this.sender = new Sender(client,
this.metadata,
this.accumulator,
maxInflightRequests == 1,
config.getInt(ProducerConfig.MAX_REQUEST_SIZE_CONFIG),
acks,
retries,
this.metrics,
Time.SYSTEM,
this.requestTimeoutMs,
config.getLong(ProducerConfig.RETRY_BACKOFF_MS_CONFIG),
this.transactionManager,
apiVersions);
String ioThreadName = NETWORK_THREAD_PREFIX + (clientId.length() > 0 ? " | " + clientId : "");
this.ioThread = new KafkaThread(ioThreadName, this.sender, true);
this.ioThread.start();
this.errors = this.metrics.sensor("errors");
config.logUnused();
AppInfoParser.registerAppInfo(JMX_PREFIX, clientId);
log.debug("Kafka producer started");

KafkaProducer#send

入口在doSend(interceptedRecord, callback);

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// 获取cluster信息, 来得到对应topic的cluster节点信息
ClusterAndWaitTime clusterAndWaitTime = waitOnMetadata(record.topic(), record.partition(), maxBlockTimeMs);
long remainingWaitMs = Math.max(0, maxBlockTimeMs - clusterAndWaitTime.waitedOnMetadataMs);
Cluster cluster = clusterAndWaitTime.cluster;
byte[] serializedKey;
try {
serializedKey = keySerializer.serialize(record.topic(), record.headers(), record.key());
} catch (ClassCastException cce) {
throw new SerializationException("Can't convert key of class " + record.key().getClass().getName() +
" to class " + producerConfig.getClass(ProducerConfig.KEY_SERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG).getName() +
" specified in key.serializer");
}
byte[] serializedValue;
try {
serializedValue = valueSerializer.serialize(record.topic(), record.headers(), record.value());
} catch (ClassCastException cce) {
throw new SerializationException("Can't convert value of class " + record.value().getClass().getName() +
" to class " + producerConfig.getClass(ProducerConfig.VALUE_SERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG).getName() +
" specified in value.serializer");
}
// 找到对应的partition
int partition = partition(record, serializedKey, serializedValue, cluster);
tp = new TopicPartition(record.topic(), partition);
setReadOnly(record.headers());
Header[] headers = record.headers().toArray();
int serializedSize = AbstractRecords.estimateSizeInBytesUpperBound(apiVersions.maxUsableProduceMagic(),
compressionType, serializedKey, serializedValue, headers);
ensureValidRecordSize(serializedSize);
long timestamp = record.timestamp() == null ? time.milliseconds() : record.timestamp();
log.trace("Sending record {} with callback {} to topic {} partition {}", record, callback, record.topic(), partition);
// producer callback will make sure to call both 'callback' and interceptor callback
Callback interceptCallback = this.interceptors == null ? callback : new InterceptorCallback<>(callback, this.interceptors, tp);
if (transactionManager != null && transactionManager.isTransactional())
transactionManager.maybeAddPartitionToTransaction(tp);
// 追加到RecordAccumulator中
RecordAccumulator.RecordAppendResult result = accumulator.append(tp, timestamp, serializedKey,
serializedValue, headers, interceptCallback, remainingWaitMs);
if (result.batchIsFull || result.newBatchCreated) {
log.trace("Waking up the sender since topic {} partition {} is either full or getting a new batch", record.topic(), partition);
this.sender.wakeup();
}
return result.future;

RecordAccumulator

使用双端队列Deque保存ProducerBatch

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// We keep track of the number of appending thread to make sure we do not miss batches in
// abortIncompleteBatches().
appendsInProgress.incrementAndGet();
ByteBuffer buffer = null;
if (headers == null) headers = Record.EMPTY_HEADERS;
try {
// check if we have an in-progress batch
// 获取或创建对应TopicPartition的队列
Deque<ProducerBatch> dq = getOrCreateDeque(tp);
synchronized (dq) {
if (closed)
throw new IllegalStateException("Cannot send after the producer is closed.");
// 如果最后一个节点能加入就加入返回
RecordAppendResult appendResult = tryAppend(timestamp, key, value, headers, callback, dq);
if (appendResult != null)
return appendResult;
}
// 加入不了就要新申请一个
// we don't have an in-progress record batch try to allocate a new batch
byte maxUsableMagic = apiVersions.maxUsableProduceMagic();
int size = Math.max(this.batchSize, AbstractRecords.estimateSizeInBytesUpperBound(maxUsableMagic, compression, key, value, headers));
log.trace("Allocating a new {} byte message buffer for topic {} partition {}", size, tp.topic(), tp.partition());
buffer = free.allocate(size, maxTimeToBlock);
synchronized (dq) {
// Need to check if producer is closed again after grabbing the dequeue lock.
if (closed)
throw new IllegalStateException("Cannot send after the producer is closed.");
// 这两个同步块间可能有其他线程已经创建了下一个Batch
RecordAppendResult appendResult = tryAppend(timestamp, key, value, headers, callback, dq);
if (appendResult != null) {
// Somebody else found us a batch, return the one we waited for! Hopefully this doesn't happen often...
return appendResult;
}
MemoryRecordsBuilder recordsBuilder = recordsBuilder(buffer, maxUsableMagic);
ProducerBatch batch = new ProducerBatch(tp, recordsBuilder, time.milliseconds());
FutureRecordMetadata future = Utils.notNull(batch.tryAppend(timestamp, key, value, headers, callback, time.milliseconds()));
dq.addLast(batch);
incomplete.add(batch);
// Don't deallocate this buffer in the finally block as it's being used in the record batch
buffer = null;
return new RecordAppendResult(future, dq.size() > 1 || batch.isFull(), true);
}
} finally {
if (buffer != null)
free.deallocate(buffer);
appendsInProgress.decrementAndGet();
}

Sender

Sender是一个后台线程, 不考虑事务的话,只分为senProducerDat和poll, poll中等待处理返回结果

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void run(long now) {
if (transactionManager != null) {
if (!transactionManager.isTransactional()) {
// this is an idempotent producer, so make sure we have a producer id
maybeWaitForProducerId();
} else if (transactionManager.hasInFlightRequest() || maybeSendTransactionalRequest(now)) {
// as long as there are outstanding transactional requests, we simply wait for them to return
client.poll(retryBackoffMs, now);
return;
}
// do not continue sending if the transaction manager is in a failed state or if there
// is no producer id (for the idempotent case).
if (transactionManager.hasFatalError() || !transactionManager.hasProducerId()) {
RuntimeException lastError = transactionManager.lastError();
if (lastError != null)
maybeAbortBatches(lastError);
client.poll(retryBackoffMs, now);
return;
} else if (transactionManager.hasAbortableError()) {
accumulator.abortUndrainedBatches(transactionManager.lastError());
}
}
long pollTimeout = sendProducerData(now);
client.poll(pollTimeout, now);
}

```
private long sendProducerData(long now) {
//
Cluster cluster = metadata.fetch();
// 获取准备好发送的数据,包括各个TopicParition的队列,其中队列长度大于1、第一个batch满了、没有缓存buffer空间了、正在关闭、在调用flush都会刷新待发送数据。
// get the list of partitions with data ready to send
RecordAccumulator.ReadyCheckResult result = this.accumulator.ready(cluster, now);

    // if there are any partitions whose leaders are not known yet, force metadata update
    if (!result.unknownLeaderTopics.isEmpty()) {
        // The set of topics with unknown leader contains topics with leader election pending as well as
        // topics which may have expired. Add the topic again to metadata to ensure it is included
        // and request metadata update, since there are messages to send to the topic.
        for (String topic : result.unknownLeaderTopics)
            this.metadata.add(topic);
        this.metadata.requestUpdate();
    }

    // remove any nodes we aren't ready to send to
    Iterator<Node> iter = result.readyNodes.iterator();
    long notReadyTimeout = Long.MAX_VALUE;
    while (iter.hasNext()) {
        Node node = iter.next();
        if (!this.client.ready(node, now)) {
            iter.remove();
            notReadyTimeout = Math.min(notReadyTimeout, this.client.connectionDelay(node, now));
        }
    }

    // 从队列中取出
    // create produce requests
    Map<Integer, List<ProducerBatch>> batches = this.accumulator.drain(cluster, result.readyNodes,
            this.maxRequestSize, now);
    if (guaranteeMessageOrder) {
        // Mute all the partitions drained
        for (List<ProducerBatch> batchList : batches.values()) {
            for (ProducerBatch batch : batchList)
                this.accumulator.mutePartition(batch.topicPartition);
        }
    }

    List<ProducerBatch> expiredBatches = this.accumulator.expiredBatches(this.requestTimeout, now);
    boolean needsTransactionStateReset = false;
    // Reset the producer id if an expired batch has previously been sent to the broker. Also update the metrics
    // for expired batches. see the documentation of @TransactionState.resetProducerId to understand why
    // we need to reset the producer id here.
    if (!expiredBatches.isEmpty())
        log.trace("Expired {} batches in accumulator", expiredBatches.size());
    for (ProducerBatch expiredBatch : expiredBatches) {
        failBatch(expiredBatch, -1, NO_TIMESTAMP, expiredBatch.timeoutException());
        if (transactionManager != null && expiredBatch.inRetry()) {
            needsTransactionStateReset = true;
        }
        this.sensors.recordErrors(expiredBatch.topicPartition.topic(), expiredBatch.recordCount);
    }

    if (needsTransactionStateReset) {
        transactionManager.resetProducerId();
        return 0;
    }

    sensors.updateProduceRequestMetrics(batches);

    // If we have any nodes that are ready to send + have sendable data, poll with 0 timeout so this can immediately
    // loop and try sending more data. Otherwise, the timeout is determined by nodes that have partitions with data
    // that isn't yet sendable (e.g. lingering, backing off). Note that this specifically does not include nodes
    // with sendable data that aren't ready to send since they would cause busy looping.
    long pollTimeout = Math.min(result.nextReadyCheckDelayMs, notReadyTimeout);
    if (!result.readyNodes.isEmpty()) {
        log.trace("Nodes with data ready to send: {}", result.readyNodes);
        // if some partitions are already ready to be sent, the select time would be 0;
        // otherwise if some partition already has some data accumulated but not ready yet,
        // the select time will be the time difference between now and its linger expiry time;
        // otherwise the select time will be the time difference between now and the metadata expiry time;
        pollTimeout = 0;
    }
    sendProduceRequests(batches, now);

    return pollTimeout;
}